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December/January 2019/20 Winter Speculation Thread


AMZ8990
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I talked about this on thie ENSO thread.The strongest+IOD YEARS 1994,1997,2006 the ENSO always went into a Nina the next summer,During 1995,1998,2007 the EPO was either falling or rising one way or another -ve,seems like we are headed with other teleconnection signatures we should be headed towards a LaNina next winter
EPO
 
1994   -7.64   -9.84  -11.29  -14.71  -18.03  -23.09  -28.65  -27.02  -19.07  -10.29   -0.30    5.931995    8.38    8.01    8.79   11.79   14.92   15.62   11.74    9.53    6.98    3.43   -0.77   -4.571996   -5.79   -6.90   -9.92  -11.08  -14.88  -17.03  -23.93  -25.85  -26.02  -23.40  -18.08   -9.861997   -3.57    1.94    4.77    9.74   12.37   14.50   14.85   11.69   11.64    9.91    5.74    0.781998   -0.85   -2.96   -4.92   -7.82  -14.08  -18.57  -22.97  -24.70  -22.12  -18.77  -12.22   -3.961999    3.09    5.84    8.59   13.51   15.56   15.23   14.11   11.91   11.18   10.62    6.01    6.432000    4.85    4.20    5.51    3.98   -0.99   -7.83  -13.13  -15.31  -15.52  -14.04  -15.07  -14.562001  -15.69  -15.53  -15.99  -17.73  -20.99  -23.31  -24.45  -21.67  -14.29  -10.81   -3.88    1.482002    4.64    8.00    9.32   14.03   14.16   13.26   10.05   10.60    8.90    7.66    4.46   -0.502003   -1.39   -1.43   -3.30   -8.56  -13.63  -17.71  -22.99  -24.64  -22.51  -20.34  -17.86  -11.382004   -4.84    2.61    5.45   10.46   12.97   11.75    9.96    8.74    7.29    8.00    4.35    2.452005   -0.69   -0.96   -0.33   -6.64  -15.09  -20.59  -24.20  -25.87  -27.80  -28.76  -29.55  -25.042006  -18.83  -11.24   -0.38    5.00   10.36   11.47   10.75    9.10   10.20   10.86   10.10    6.212007    2.61    2.43    1.24   -5.18  -14.06  -21.33  -24.92  -27.41  -28.13  -29.05  -27.61  -19.482008  -12.42   -4.70    2.19    6.43   11.53   13.45   13.27   11.63   11.60   11.05    9.13   10.462009   10.71   12.33   11.44    9.11    1.56   -5.47  -12.21  -14.45  -13.81  -11.69  -13.83  -15.572010  -16.02  -16.98  -19.68  -23.57  -26.28  -25.05   -9.84    1.45    6.58   10.83   12.16   10.972011    9.18   10.05   10.44   10.71   10.02    3.90    0.44   -0.49   -2.30   -3.05   -9.09  -16.252012  -16.07  -15.25  -16.74  -17.62  -22.04  -25.89  -27.82  -27.93  -26.60  -24.51  -18.95  -10.022013   -6.07   -1.23    2.85    8.39   12.64   13.38   14.27   14.66   13.12   11.69   12.45   12.552014   13.13   12.68   11.72    7.15   -2.81  -13.98  -19.29  -21.64  -23.24  -23.86  -23.65  -25.382015  -26.70  -28.62  -28.15  -24.38  -12.33    2.18    7.45   10.97   12.07   13.38   12.79   11.392016    9.34    6.77    3.16    0.64    2.37    3.86    6.25   10.07   10.48   12.83   14.16   15.092017   14.92   14.78   14.35   13.88    8.01   -3.18  -10.48  -14.42  -15.28  -16.79  -17.20  -18.122018  -19.02  -19.37  -19.77  -21.41  -24.23  -28.45  -29.10  -20.41   -9.91   -2.79    3.36    8.052019    9.02    9.25   11.82   13.36   14.59   14.36   10.96    9.97    8.25    7.27    5.07 -999.00 -999.0

 

Combo that with a negative bottoming QBO around Sept/Nov timeframe...next winter is starting to look very interesting

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QBO cycles run in 14 month increments according to the UKMET office.  If it flips in January 2020, that means that next winter will likely feature a rising QBO which is not great.  The QBO "should" flip positive during late winter of 2021 or early spring of that year.   Tough to know when it will bottom out.  Really need a QBO that is negative and still falling for it to usher in super cold.  If it flips in January 2020 with a significant drop, that likely means we see some blocking in late winter and most of spring this season.  The QBO might help us early next winter, but then really start working against us later in the season.

The AO figure below tells what we need to know.  Wow...forecast to be almost off the charts positive.   Trying to remember the last time I have seen a +4 or +5.

545989950_ScreenShot2019-12-26at8_58_44AM.png.6cd4b2bd2dae6ab5b8925085f626f4c6.png

If you think about when we have seen extremes during winter, those patterns tend to break down quickly and unexpectedly.  I suspect this pattern will do the same.  Waiting for the MJO data to be released.  The RMM1 stuff is out...waiting for individual model runs to look for trends.  Seems to me like the MJO is going to be driving the bus for the next few weeks.   Looks like it has now ducked into phase 6.  No surprise given the warmth.  TRI has been seen temp anomalies at +15, +14, and +12 during the past three days.  The December temp anomaly is up to +3.5 and is going to be really moving up during the next week.  Going to be interesting to see if the New Year's cold snap even occurs(meaning BN temps).  The 0z Euro completely dumped it(another warm 0z run).  The CMC barely has it.  The GFS is coolest, but moderating from early runs.  Looks like another seasonal front may approach during the second week of January.  The 6z GEFS is way, way out there on a limb.  The EPS does now have a cold front around the 11-12 day mark which is relatively new...but nothing like the 6z GEFS.  Going to be a good test.  From Monday January 6-11...GEFS is very cold.  I am going to post a pic of that range(0z EPS vs 6z GEFS from 12.26.19).  Be interesting to see which bias is worse...the EPS/warm or the GEFS/cold.  Rooting for the GEFS, but with muted to skeptical optimism.  The daily 500 maps on the EPS look much warmer BTW...sneaky cool underneath.  

225410872_ScreenShot2019-12-26at9_38_23AM.png.4ebc6c6726766d6456d4500f76b395ce.png

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Looks like when the QBO wants to flip it's going to flip when it wants..lol.TBH i'm not sure there is any time line in months now,it's been on the decline tho for the last 6 months

 

 1948         2019
1948   -4.44   -5.78   -7.31   -6.70   -5.57   -4.73   -5.51   -7.22   -7.24   -6.07   -6.28   -8.18
1949   -9.77  -11.80  -11.72  -10.69   -9.34   -9.43   -9.07   -9.08   -8.32   -7.01   -6.43   -7.24
1950   -8.99  -11.37  -10.63   -8.19   -6.09   -6.61   -7.11   -6.51   -3.82   -2.39   -2.18   -3.31
1951   -6.01   -5.32   -1.93    0.91    2.26   -0.30   -2.70   -5.31   -5.92   -4.59   -3.65   -3.98
1952   -6.80   -7.71   -6.99   -5.68   -4.76   -6.00   -7.60   -8.15   -5.73   -2.96   -0.51   -1.65
1953   -2.94   -2.68   -1.22    1.30    2.69    1.86    0.10   -1.21   -1.28   -0.39   -0.59   -2.18
1954   -5.05   -6.88   -7.98   -9.01  -11.38  -12.72  -13.40  -14.53  -12.83  -10.35   -9.99   -9.56
1955   -5.82   -1.71    1.37    4.40    6.58    6.73    5.99    7.20    8.16    9.02    7.63    3.82
1956   -1.01   -3.23   -2.01   -2.01   -6.16  -11.02  -13.04  -15.17  -14.67  -14.90  -16.96  -15.02
1957  -13.05  -11.89   -6.68   -2.01    1.80    3.21    4.05    6.30    8.36   10.46   10.11    7.35
1958    5.25    4.10    4.27    1.98   -4.71  -10.60  -13.91  -15.59  -15.93  -16.39  -16.91  -18.96
1959  -20.06  -17.24  -14.02   -9.27   -5.91   -2.30    3.15    7.07   10.09   11.69   10.71    8.30
1960    4.79    3.39   -0.04   -1.08   -3.91   -8.98  -13.86  -16.04  -16.01  -15.62  -14.42  -11.36
1961   -5.47   -0.62    0.54    2.82    6.88    7.96    6.69    5.60    6.02    7.59    8.74    6.25
1962    2.84    3.68    5.26    2.04   -3.64  -11.42  -15.49  -15.00  -15.19  -15.33  -15.40  -15.16
1963  -17.35  -16.68  -19.93  -21.52  -24.18  -20.08   -9.27   -1.35    3.52    7.54    8.87    5.48
1964    3.94    5.26    5.46    5.94    6.32    2.23   -0.56   -0.57   -0.67    0.42    0.71    0.04
1965   -1.03   -2.26   -1.98   -3.44   -7.10  -12.01  -16.00  -18.19  -20.03  -20.13  -19.74  -21.27
1966  -21.90  -17.14  -11.07   -2.33    2.16    5.42    7.47    7.63    9.23   11.00   11.74   13.26
1967   11.03   10.49   10.94   10.13    5.79   -0.58   -5.65   -6.76   -6.06   -4.82   -6.05   -7.27
1968   -8.38  -10.21   -9.11  -12.25  -14.39  -19.27  -21.00  -21.82  -17.45  -14.58  -13.11  -11.36
1969   -8.58   -4.43   -1.50    3.98    8.18    9.35    9.08    9.78    9.74    9.75    7.34    5.00
1970    0.30   -1.41   -4.63   -7.25  -12.21  -16.25  -18.62  -21.38  -21.67  -22.12  -22.48  -17.39
1971  -10.67   -3.67    0.91    3.75    6.77    8.28    8.88    8.34    8.95    8.48    8.47    9.10
1972    8.20    7.95    7.35    6.22   -2.59  -10.70  -15.45  -19.28  -20.40  -21.17  -20.49  -16.78
1973   -4.40    0.08    3.40    6.28    8.12    8.63    6.94    5.86    5.51    5.20    4.92    2.31
1974   -0.91   -1.31   -1.08   -1.92   -7.58  -13.86  -19.58  -23.14  -23.52  -23.12  -22.48  -22.57
1975  -16.70  -15.39  -13.04   -5.12    1.18    4.47    7.41    9.06   10.25   10.65   11.27   10.95
1976    9.22    8.92    9.70   11.53   10.04    2.78   -1.90   -4.89   -6.19   -8.23   -8.89  -11.85
1977  -14.44  -14.90  -17.61  -14.93  -17.14  -21.33  -18.17  -11.24   -5.09   -1.81   -0.26    1.69
1978    3.21    6.07    9.34   12.98   12.23    8.36    6.02    5.84    5.91    6.22    4.04    1.46
1979    1.86    4.12    0.89   -3.57  -12.90  -19.60  -21.27  -22.24  -22.70  -23.32  -22.20  -16.99
1980  -10.11   -5.65   -2.90    2.31    6.24    7.33    8.74    9.61   12.67   13.10   12.15    9.73
1981    8.51    6.72    7.51    8.28    3.01   -3.49   -5.22   -8.24   -8.59   -9.53   -9.62  -12.31
1982  -12.52  -14.71  -16.67  -15.55  -15.26  -15.94   -8.95   -1.58    4.21    8.27    9.51   10.35
1983   10.85   11.40   12.17   13.81   11.93    3.12   -3.38   -6.53   -7.75  -10.12  -10.29  -11.42
1984  -10.65  -11.34  -12.98  -14.58  -15.05  -17.97  -25.39  -27.90  -25.44  -21.59  -13.19   -8.16
1985   -0.37    4.21    6.30   11.11   13.57   14.04   11.10   11.08   11.72   11.84   11.45    9.51
1986    8.74   10.15   11.96    9.11    3.56   -2.15   -5.25   -9.60  -10.21   -9.60   -8.01  -10.51
1987   -9.93  -11.37  -14.23  -16.20  -20.05  -21.47  -13.96   -0.60    5.88    9.35    9.23    8.41
1988    7.81    6.17    5.86    6.59    5.46    0.42   -3.96   -2.58   -2.29   -1.53   -0.84   -2.42
1989   -2.87   -3.56   -1.63   -1.93   -5.46   -9.38  -13.86  -16.98  -18.83  -21.30  -19.01  -13.54
1990   -8.71   -6.74    0.95    5.72   11.46   12.90   12.54   12.63   13.21   12.39   11.55   10.68
1991    8.71    8.44    9.00   10.69    3.82   -3.34  -10.36  -14.69  -13.96  -12.21  -12.27  -12.68
1992  -13.96  -14.33  -16.84  -17.79  -15.96  -15.34  -12.05   -4.75    1.30    3.94    6.33    8.19
1993    9.63   10.81   11.36   12.60   13.56    6.55    0.38   -1.20   -1.14   -4.04   -5.76   -6.00
1994   -7.64   -9.84  -11.29  -14.71  -18.03  -23.09  -28.65  -27.02  -19.07  -10.29   -0.30    5.93
1995    8.38    8.01    8.79   11.79   14.92   15.62   11.74    9.53    6.98    3.43   -0.77   -4.57
1996   -5.79   -6.90   -9.92  -11.08  -14.88  -17.03  -23.93  -25.85  -26.02  -23.40  -18.08   -9.86
1997   -3.57    1.94    4.77    9.74   12.37   14.50   14.85   11.69   11.64    9.91    5.74    0.78
1998   -0.85   -2.96   -4.92   -7.82  -14.08  -18.57  -22.97  -24.70  -22.12  -18.77  -12.22   -3.96
1999    3.09    5.84    8.59   13.51   15.56   15.23   14.11   11.91   11.18   10.62    6.01    6.43
2000    4.85    4.20    5.51    3.98   -0.99   -7.83  -13.13  -15.31  -15.52  -14.04  -15.07  -14.56
2001  -15.69  -15.53  -15.99  -17.73  -20.99  -23.31  -24.45  -21.67  -14.29  -10.81   -3.88    1.48
2002    4.64    8.00    9.32   14.03   14.16   13.26   10.05   10.60    8.90    7.66    4.46   -0.50
2003   -1.39   -1.43   -3.30   -8.56  -13.63  -17.71  -22.99  -24.64  -22.51  -20.34  -17.86  -11.38
2004   -4.84    2.61    5.45   10.46   12.97   11.75    9.96    8.74    7.29    8.00    4.35    2.45
2005   -0.69   -0.96   -0.33   -6.64  -15.09  -20.59  -24.20  -25.87  -27.80  -28.76  -29.55  -25.04
2006  -18.83  -11.24   -0.38    5.00   10.36   11.47   10.75    9.10   10.20   10.86   10.10    6.21
2007    2.61    2.43    1.24   -5.18  -14.06  -21.33  -24.92  -27.41  -28.13  -29.05  -27.61  -19.48
2008  -12.42   -4.70    2.19    6.43   11.53   13.45   13.27   11.63   11.60   11.05    9.13   10.46
2009   10.71   12.33   11.44    9.11    1.56   -5.47  -12.21  -14.45  -13.81  -11.69  -13.83  -15.57
2010  -16.02  -16.98  -19.68  -23.57  -26.28  -25.05   -9.84    1.45    6.58   10.83   12.16   10.97
2011    9.18   10.05   10.44   10.71   10.02    3.90    0.44   -0.49   -2.30   -3.05   -9.09  -16.25
2012  -16.07  -15.25  -16.74  -17.62  -22.04  -25.89  -27.82  -27.93  -26.60  -24.51  -18.95  -10.02
2013   -6.07   -1.23    2.85    8.39   12.64   13.38   14.27   14.66   13.12   11.69   12.45   12.55
2014   13.13   12.68   11.72    7.15   -2.81  -13.98  -19.29  -21.64  -23.24  -23.86  -23.65  -25.38
2015  -26.70  -28.62  -28.15  -24.38  -12.33    2.18    7.45   10.97   12.07   13.38   12.79   11.39
2016    9.34    6.77    3.16    0.64    2.37    3.86    6.25   10.07   10.48   12.83   14.16   15.09
2017   14.92   14.78   14.35   13.88    8.01   -3.18  -10.48  -14.42  -15.28  -16.79  -17.20  -18.12
2018  -19.02  -19.37  -19.77  -21.41  -24.23  -28.45  -29.10  -20.41   -9.91   -2.79    3.36    8.05
2019    9.02    9.25   11.82   13.36   14.59   14.36   10.96    9.97    8.25    7.27    5.07 -999.00
  -999.0
  QBO
  Calculated at NOAA/ESRL PSD
 30mb zonal wind at the equator, zonal average
 For info https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/climateindices/list/
 units=ms-1
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There was a double dip with the QBO one cycle ago which is pretty rare.  Other than that, one can pretty much set their watch by it relative to nature's terms.  Will be interesting to see the new value which posts on January 1.  If we have paused, that is trouble for the rest of winter.  I suspect it drops to near neutral or below based on the NASA daily graphics.  Not sure if those(climate data chart) values are a monthly average or just the value on the last day of the month.  Regarding next winter, we want a long negative cycle OR for this positive cycle to last a few more months(would be bad for this winter...but better next).  Now the QBO is also heavily influenced by solar mins/maxes.  It does not behave the same during a min as it does a max.  For example, I think a westerly(positive) QBO during a solar max is actually cold in the east.  So, the raw value can be misleading without solar influence considered. 

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1 hour ago, weathertree4u said:

Is that good?

Speaking of the LR and not the current phase 6.  Sure looks like the ECMWF is trending further and further into some good phases.  Either way, it is pushing back the switch to warm phases.  I think it began as a loop from barely into phase 7 back into 5...now it has pushed into 8 and looped back across the COD into four(almost three).  Heck, it almost goes low amplitude into 1.  So, the trend is to delay the MJO from crossing the COD into the warm phases.  If modeling is struggling to catch-up to the MJO, then it is likely "off" in the LR.  I suspect it is, but we will see.  I would not be surprised to see the MJO not even get into those phases with current trends - but I am out on a limb with that statement.

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Apparently I was wrong about MJO lag times, or just read a paper wrong about them. We will probably then have a brief cooling period as the MJO passes 8-1-2 then warm back up when it leaves. The paper I read suggested 12-14 day lag times for MJO effects to propagate downstream but I guess I read it wrong or it's wrong.

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EPS doesn't look awful later in the run. At some point it will likely start reeling things in, seems like there's always a 6-10 day head fake with models ending patterns. The cold in the northern Hempisphere is over North America. There's intermittent ridging in the SW. There's ridging that looks like it is heading into Alaska. The SE ridge is blown away.  I used to like a cold Alaska because it often ended up sliding down into North Dakota/Minnesota and then here.

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So what happened during November is the GFS operational caught the first cold front and then went full bore.  (Remember how modeling looked like it was going to be record warmth unending during September and early October?)The Euro was next to see it.  The EPS never caught up.  I am definitely intrigued by the cold front depicted on the d10-15 EPS.  It showed up a few runs ago.  Just a hunch, but I think the MJO makes into its cold phases.   If so, models have not caught up.  The Weeklies from today finally show the cold font in 11-12 days.  They were blind to it even a couple of weeks ago.  After that, a four week warm up is depicted...and the pattern flips during the second week of February to cold.    Speaking of the d8-15 time frame IMHO, the EPS has a wicked warm bias and an inability to see pattern flips.  The GEFS conversely has a wicked cold bias and jumps the gun on pattern changes.  With the EPS showing cold in the LR...have to keep an eye on that both in intensity and duration.  Most signals really point towards an ongoing warm pattern after the week two cold snap.  That said, I am much less confident about a prolonged warm-up(during weeks 3-4) than I was about the current one we are experiencing.   So whyI am torn, I think it is within the realm of possibility that the pattern flips in 11-12 days and never looks back.  It could be a warning shot for a new pattern or a relaxation.  I can definitely see this being a route in favor of warm and leaving us with a 2-3 week window in February(or not at all).  The things that have my radar up regarding a pattern change are the tanked SOI, we are due for a pattern switch, climatology which does not support a SE ridge, and an MJO that keeps pushing into colder phases.  Pushing back changes often equates to model catching up.  One model, the EPS or the GEFS, is about to bust wildly in the d10-15 time frame.  How that turns out will tell us if one model cannot overcome its bias.  I posted the comparison maps above.  We will see how they verify in a few weeks.  That said, I remember those Nino winters of the 90s...and this is exactly why I am not a fan.

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Remember when the MJO was supposed to go into 6, then go to 7, and loop back into 5?  The CFS is looking like it will score a very unlikely coup here.  I think it was the only model(joined by the JMA) which actually took the MJO through cold phases.  If you look, the MJO is gaining amplitude and the model has yet to catch up.  See that sharp dive left by the green forecast line that seems out of sync with the observed red line.  Likely means it still has some trajectory to gain unless it finally nails the turn...been doing this for a few days, at some point it has to be right?  The CFS and EMON are now quite similar.  The CFS is a bit slower.  The EMON goes into 5 and dies which would effectively end any chance for January cold - but is it right?  The EMON does now have a cluster of paths that go through 8 and 1.   The JMA gains massive amplitude in 7.  So, oddly similar conversation as last year.  We are now watching the MJO correct.  No loop back to 5/6 from 7.   Makes me wonder if the Euro MJO forecast is right at all at this point and that should call into question its LR forecast.  It might be correct.  It might not.  But if the MJO does go into 8, 1, and 2 would not surprise me to see a trough in the East for an undetermined amount of time.  The MJO has shown during the past two winters that even at low amplitude, it affects downstream wx in signifiant ways.  Something to keep an eye on, but that is a very different look that we started with.

1496064386_ScreenShot2019-12-27at9_53_56AM.png.1e0fc46a119f8475591e867fb95323a7.png

  

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...And one of the things that I look for is the model that mirrors the trajectory of the observed MJO without a sharp change in trajectory.  This is why, contrary to the masses, that I am not going crazy about a warm-up after mid-month.  It may happen...heck, it may likely happen.  However, as long as that MJO forecast continues to correct and continues to push back(edit) the transition across the COD into warm phases...I am not going to play the "rest of winter" torch card quite yet.  Here is a link to the CPC site.  If you are new to the wx hobby(or even been in it for some time), good time to hone in on some new skills.  Look at the site.  Which models actually continue the current trajectory in a realistic manner?

https://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/MJO/CLIVAR/clivar_wh.shtml

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One last thing that I usually follow during winter...Many places in the northern Rockies got a pretty good thump of snow in early December.  However, there are many places at normal or even below normal(regarding snowfall) in parts of WY and MT.  Some areas have been really hammered such as the southeast corner of WY.  But I follow several FB pages that show photos of those areas.  One pic around Gardiner, MT, basically showed bare ground.  Now, that area gets less snow as it is a very dry micro-climate of the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, but I am not seeing deep snow in the areas outside of YNP.  That is right out of the El Nino playbook.  So, makes me think that the El Nino pattern is still fairly locked-in.  The Mountain West can give a lot of clues as to what happens here.  Like John, I look upstream quite a bit. (BTW, a cold Alaska used to be an old school sign for cold here...I agree). I have always looked into that area for changes.  Last winter, the cold banked into that region and they got hammered by an active jet during late January, February, and March.  It will be interesting to see if that happens during this cold snap.  If it doesn't, it tells me that the current pattern has less Nina characteristics than last year.  They get hammered during La Ninas.  JB did point out that the SOI should begin to sharply rise as there is a tropical system headed for that area.  Should fall after it passes.  Beware of comparisons to La Nina when that happens.  There are some comparisons that are accurate, especially when one looks at the cool water near SA.  The tropical system may create a false Nina signal - there are Nina signals out there but not that as much.  It is sort of like a -NAO forming because a big ridge was forced into that region but quickly scoots out - basically an artificial NAO.  Same thing upcoming with the SOI in my opinion.  

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Remember when the MJO was supposed to go into 6, then go to 7, and loop back into 5?  The CFS is looking like it will score a very unlikely coup here.  I think it was the only model(joined by the JMA) which actually took the MJO through cold phases.  If you look, the MJO is gaining amplitude and the model has yet to catch up.  See that sharp dive left by the green forecast line that seems out of sync with the observed red line.  Likely means it still has some trajectory to gain unless it finally nails the turn...been doing this for a few days, at some point it has to be right?  The CFS and EMON are now quite similar.  The CFS is a bit slower.  The EMON goes into 5 and dies which would effectively end any chance for January cold - but is it right?  The EMON does now have a cluster of paths that go through 8 and 1.   The JMA gains massive amplitude in 7.  So, oddly similar conversation as last year.  We are now watching the MJO correct.  No loop back to 5/6 from 7.   Makes me wonder if the Euro MJO forecast is right at all at this point and that should call into question its LR forecast.  It might be correct.  It might not.  But if the MJO does go into 8, 1, and 2 would not surprise me to see a trough in the East for an undetermined amount of time.  The MJO has shown during the past two winters that even at low amplitude, it affects downstream wx in signifiant ways.  Something to keep an eye on, but that is a very different look that we started with.
1496064386_ScreenShot2019-12-27at9_53_56AM.png.1e0fc46a119f8475591e867fb95323a7.png
  
Better root for the CFS...EMON won't cut it (QBO argues that the EMON is correct)

Sent from my SM-S767VL using Tapatalk

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Before we get too deep into this conversation, let's cover the definition of the PDO.  First, begin to look in the NE Pacific.  A warm or positive phase according to at the NCSU climate site is a pool of cool water surrounded by warm.  A negative or cool phase is warm water surrounded by cold.   According to the NCSU site, the positive phase correlates quite well to BN temps over the SE.  Now, remember all of that cold parked over Alaska.  It is cooling the SSTs in that area.  I know @nrgjeff mentions the PDO some...so credit there a well.  So in digging around for some teleconnections that would actually point to a less torchy forecast, here we go...

Here is the a graphic from JPL regarding PDO phases:

  https://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/science/elninopdo/pdo/

2121152049_ScreenShot2019-12-27at11_11_01AM.png.53fd8b1bb0cd535ae35b6d0dc8f83846.png

 

Here is a graphic CPC/NCEP ENSO update from December 23rd:

https://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/science/elninopdo/pdo/

1905901846_ScreenShot2019-12-27at11_30_10AM.png.0bb0947ac27c30e82264f5e84d0ac1d4.png

 

This is a comparative graphic of the NE PAC in early December and yesterday. Here is the graphic from NOAA/NESDIS:

https://www.ospo.noaa.gov/Products/ocean/sst/anomaly/

881601979_ScreenShot2019-12-27at11_51_17AM.png.c9bb6aa5b61b9129508e3f9c30a22376.png

 

Discussion:  Note the cooling signal in the CPC/NCEP graphic.  Now, the raw data for that area is still very warm.  See the NESDIS graphic below it.  However, the trend is very much towards a positive PDO - reference the JPL graphic.  We are not there yet.  However, it seems like the PDO is making an attempt to switch from the big orange blob to a much cooler signal surrounded by warmth along the coastal areas of Canada and AK.  Look how warm the SSTs were in the GOA to begin December. It was basically basin wide warmth with cold tucked up along the Pacific Canadian coast which is a fairly strong sig of a negative PDO.  Now, look at yesteday's SSTs.  Anamolous cool temps are beginning to show up in the central North Pac.  If the PDO flips positive, we cool off.  I submit that we probably need to monitor what is going on in the NE Pac as it may very well be a quiet but important passenger riding along with the driver which is the MJO.  In other words, it is a driver as well.  If it continues to switch, that is in our favor.  

 

 

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31 minutes ago, TellicoWx said:

Better root for the CFS...EMON won't cut it (QBO argues that the EMON is correct)

Sent from my SM-S767VL using Tapatalk
 

I don't know that the QBO and EMON are in sync.  We will see where the QBO is in a week.  A negative and falling QBO at 30mb should favor more blocking over the Davis Straits and cold in the East coupled with low solar. Phase 5 is not favorable for blocking there.  I don't think EMON and QBO are in sync at the end of that run...but that depends on whether the QBO has stalled weakly positive.  Should know in a week.  If the QBO is falling and almost negative or just negative...there should be more blocking in favorable areas.

The EMON is being shown because it keeps correcting away from unfavorable phases or at least pushing them back.  Pretty sure it sent the MJO into 7  and looped it back into 5.  It is now taking a low amplitude look into 8 before crossing back into four, ie it is pushing the unfavorable switch back further and further.   But yeah, don't want it stalled in 5!  LOL.  Game, set, match if so.  I just don't think it is right with that stall.  But right now, I wonder if the MJO ever goes to those phases anytime soon.  I did screenshot it today to see if it verifies.  

Not to Tellico...but just to others reading:

I have noticed a general consensus towards warm across multiple tech platforms.  I tend to dig around to see if there are counters to that consensus. I don't think the MJO is being modeled correctly.  That would be a fairly big flaw.  The PDO is showing some signs of flipping at least temporarily.  So, I don't think warm is a slam dunk though I freely admit is has a roughly 60% chance of verifying in my book.   I think the EPS is possibly correct.  Problem is, its own MJO is trending towards cooler phases at low amplitude.  It it was the other way around...cool phases trending towards warm phases at low amplitude, I would not be very confident of the cooler model run.   Thus, I think that warmer model runs need to be viewed with at least a pinch of skepticism until/if the MJO makes that turn.

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High amplitude 8/1 are pretty good signals for sever cold.  However, not sure we want the MJO to be a driver at all right now...so low amplitude is fine by me.

FWIW(huge grain), the 12z GFS takes us out of the crap pattern.  The CMC is fairly similar but doesn't go out far enough to know if it has a similar outcome.  GFS has had an awful cold bias after d8...but that run is indeed a break from continuity at 500.  Could be a blip.  Could be a change. 

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Just now, John1122 said:

Also, there are papers about how heavily the EPS and weeklies rely on the MJO for their forecasts. If its handling the MJO incorrectly it likely has major long range consequences. 

And the more that the Euro/EPS adjust that MJO, the more likely we see some variable solutions in the future.  Seems fairly locked into a western trough right now...but if it is wrong about the MJO, it may be way off.   I do think the Euro has superior physics, but it missed in November pretty badly...actually the past two Novembers.  

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Excellent discussion guys! If I were up to it id look up a composite of the Feb. 2015 MJO cycle .

Anyone have that or care to do that as am curious as to how much affect it had considering the the PDO state at the time. If it was in an unfavorable phase then, that would give string credence to Carvers point.  His point is valid regardless, as far as the npac ssts being a strong driver as well. Just curious to how much against an unfavorable mjo phase.

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The MJO was low amplitude 7 into 8 from late January into February 10th 2015, it went very low across 7 on the 12th and into the COD at 6 by the 16th. It stayed in the middle of the COD but slightly towards the 4/5 side through the 23rd and sat in the COD through early March. The EPO drove everything in February 2015. We had a +AO and +NAO and had a major ice/snow event with 10s below 0 in the area based solely on the Pacific ridging that just sucked cold from Siberia and flung it our way.

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