Jump to content


  • Posts

  • Joined

  • Last visited

About jconsor

Contact Methods

  • Website URL
  • Skype

Profile Information

  • Gender
  • Location:
    Jerusalem, Israel

Recent Profile Visitors

The recent visitors block is disabled and is not being shown to other users.

  1. I know most of our collective attention is on the potential subtropical system off the SE US coast. However, I think the system in the E. Atlantic (currently given a 70% chance of developing by NHC) is worth watching carefully, since down the road in 7-10 days it has a decent opportunity to reach the Caribbean or western Atlantic. This is a sneaky wave which will likely not develop in the next 3-4 days, but instead continue heading west under a strong ridge. We're dealing with two waves that will likely merge here - firstly the one outlooked by NHC that just came off the African coast, and secondly a low-latitude ITCZ wave currently around 40W. The two systems should combine by late Fri-early Sat into a broad wave. This would initially slow development, due to its large size and lack of concentrated vorticity. This system likely will find better upper level conditions (strong diffluence aloft, deeper moisture) once it passes 40W and clears the strong UL trough in the east Atlantic, and especially as it nears 60W and the Leeward/Windward islands. With a much stronger than usual ridge for this time of year over the central Atlantic, there is a decent chance this system makes it into the eastern and northern Caribbean or heads slightly N of the Caribbean to near the Bahamas.
  2. Very helpful summary of the historical context. Thanks, Larry! I think your summary shows that given a few days (even as little as 36-48 hours) over water off the SE US coast, a system of non-tropical origins with a decent upper-level wind setup can become a hurricane. Of course, the majority of such systems remain at tropical/subtropical storm strength. FYI today's 0Z run of the NASA GEOS-5 model is showing what looks to be a high-end TS or cat 1 hurricane, certainly a more consolidated system than the global models (GFS, GEM, ECMWF) are indicating. https://fluid.nccs.nasa.gov/wxmaps I believe the NASA GEOS-5 model is run at 7 km resolution.
  3. Regardless of whether the system off the SE US coast becomes subtropical, there is a substantial risk of heavy rainfall and flooding from eastern NC to the eastern mid-Atlantic and Long Island.
  4. Need to keep a close eye on the hybrid low expected to develop off the SE coast and move N/NNW end of this weekend into this weekend. While heavy rains are likely to initially focus well south of the area from eastern NC to Delmarva, they could eventually extend north into portions of the NYC metro area. The region doesn't need any additional heavy rainfall, after several recent flash flood events in early to mid Aug and again the second week of Sep, and another 1-2"+ today.
  5. I think we need to watch the eastern Caribbean in late Sep. Also expecting more NW Caribbean activity than usual in Oct-Nov for an El Nino.
  6. I wrote a detailed thread about the trend toward a sharper trough at 250 mb from the eastern Great Lakes to the Carolinas, and how this could increase the risk of Lee continuing N or NNW toward New England instead of turning NNE into Atlantic Canada.
  7. Need to look at more than just 500 mb heights/winds to get a better idea of Lee's future track. Very important to consider the 250 mb level IMHO. There have been a number of cases in which hurricanes were lured NW toward the SE US/Mid-Atlantic coast by a negative tilt trough or cutoff low at 250 mb, even when the 500 mb trough was relatively weak. It *usually* takes a deep 500 mb trough from near the Great Lakes to the TN Valley or southern Appalachians (570 dm contour down to at least 40N) to pull a hurricane northward from near/east of the Bahamas toward a New England landfall, and also accelerate it enough (forward speed >25 kt) so it maintains hurricane strength despite the cooler waters N of the Gulf Stream. Look at the upper air patterns for 1938, Carol, Edna, Gloria and Bob and you will see such a deep trough. On the other hand, the 1893 NYC hurricane and Irene both had much weaker/further north troughs at 500 mb than the hurricanes mentioned above. The 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane had an initially deep trough over the W. Great Lakes/OH Valley two days before landfall, but it was weakening/lifting out as the hurricane turned N up the East Coast. In both the 1893 and 1944 hurricanes, a sharp trough at 250 mb along with a strong jet streak from the NE US to SE Canada helped to compensate for the lack of a deep trough at 500 mb. Also in Lee's case, a relatively deep/neg tilt 250 mb eastern US trough and 100+ kt jet streak as shown by the GEFS would likely help to compensate. Also important to note - since the frequency of blocking patterns appears to have increased in the past 30 years since the last New England landfall, and there has been substantial warming of SSTs in those 30 years, history may not be as much of a guide as we would hope. In other words, perhaps in the next few decades we will see increasing frequency of slower-moving strong TSs or lower-end hurricanes (i.e similar to Irene, Sandy and Henri) landfalling in the northern mid-Atlantic and New England vs. what was seen up until ~1990.
  8. Combination of stronger ridge nosing down to NW of Lee and upper low to its NE trending stronger and a little closer to Lee is likely the reason we are seeing more ensemble members trend toward a bend to nearly due west between 60-70W longitude.
  9. Lee  is getting  interesting

  10. The upper level pattern across the eastern US and western Atlantic this weekend into next week is far from set in stone. We need to watch for the potential for a trough split, which models often don't handle well until inside 5 days. If the the southern piece of the trough cuts off across the SE US by this weekend, and the ridge over the NW Atlantic/SE Canada is strong enough to resist troughs in the northern stream from progressing eastward much, that could block a typical recurve out to sea. 6Z GEFS and past few GFS runs are now hinting at another trough split mid to late next week from the Great Lakes to the Lower Mississippi/Tennessee Valley. A trough in that position along with an anomalous NW Atlantic ridge has in the past steered many infamous SW Atlantic hurricanes toward a landfall from NC to New England.
  11. 2023 is turning out much more active than a typical El Nino so far. No mod-strong Nino has seen as much ACE to date.
  12. Beware of recency bias! The downcasting of the tropical Atlantic happens nearly every year when there is a Jul/early Aug lull in activity. I wouldn't be so sure *all* of the systems next two weeks will be weak and short-lived. I see potential for one or two stronger ones, mainly in the subtropical central Atlantic and GOM/Bahamas area.
  13. I am skeptical of the idea that the main period of favorability for Atlantic TC development will be compressed into a week to 10 day period at the end of Aug/very beginning of Sep, like some extended guidance is hinting at. Overall, there are indications of a more active than usual September. I explain why in the thread below:
  14. The system near the Bahamas has maintained healthy outflow aloft and some mid-level spin on satellite for at least 24 hours, though convection has waxed and waned. I wrote about the potential for this system (or a few others trailing it) to take advantage of favorable light shear in the Gulf of Mexico next week and possibly become "surprise" TCs.
  • Create New...